Vail, Colorado is known for its stunning winter views and is a popular escape for winter sports enthusiasts. The essence of mountain views and rugged, snowy terrain is encapsulated perfectly in the European oak Vail. Striking 9 ½" wide planks, delicately wirebrushed, are complemented with a serene color tone and a modern matte finish.
- Color Variation - High
- Foot Traffic - Medium
- Gloss - Matte
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What are Reactive Stains?
Reactive stains work by reacting with the natural components WITHIN the wood. Whereas, traditional stains add their color by painting the SURFACE of the wood.
Reactive stains create color from inside the wood by interacting with the woods natural ingredients to create unique, 2-toned colors in wide variations that cannot be duplicated with traditional staining methods.
Reactive stain's interaction with the natural tannins and sugars in the wood also creates an 'aged' look by replicating the oxidization and maturing process of naturally aged wood. The natural maturing process will normally take decades to achieve, but with the reactive staining process it can create the same look immediately without harming the quality of the wood itself.
Timbertop: The Gold Standard of Reactive Stain
Artisans and technicians have come together to perfect the age old tradition of tannin enhanced staining in the premium Timbertop collection.
Extracting natural chemistry from earth elements and combining them with the European Oak tree’s tannin rich cellular structure brings to life a color pallet with depth and variation unattainable with pigmented stains and dyes.
Suitably called “Live Color”, each plank takes on a life of its own over the course of a 2-3 week coloring process which effectively neutralizes the color and brings to life the natural depth, grain and character in the wood.
What is Fuming?
Fumed (AKA Smoked) wood has been exposed to ammonia which reacts with the natural tannins in the wood to bring out new colors and variations.
European oak is the preferred species for fuming/ smoking because of its high tannin content which brings out an intense darker color.
Because the intensity of the reaction depends on the tannin content of the wood, each board reacts a little differently from the next, creating color variation that is more pronounced than untreated wood.
It is a common mistake that fuming/ smoking involves application of the ammonia INTO the wood, but this is not the case. The change in color comes from the wood's reaction to the presence of small amounts of ammonia in an enclosed environment. The ammonia causes the tannins in the wood to be brought to the surface. The longer the wood is exposed to the ammonia, the darker it becomes, resulting in range of color from rich brown to almost black.
In Europe, this fuming process has been used for centuries. The premium Timbertop collection boasts many stunning color variated European oak floors masterfully crafted using this time-honored technique.